Hawaiian Monarch Series
David Kalākaua, born David Laʻamea Kamanakapuʻu Mahinulani Nalaiaehuokalani Lumialani Kalākaua
and sometimes called The Merrie Monarch, was the last reigning king of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi.
He reigned from February 12, 1874 until his death in San Francisco, California, on January 20, 1891. King Kalakaua’s love of joyful elements of life and his ardent support of the then newly-introduced ukulele as a Hawaiian instrument led to its becoming symbolic
of Hawaii and Hawaiian culture. He is known to have revived the Hawaiian martial art, Lua, and surfing as well as hula, after having
been banned in 1830. (His name lives on in the Merrie Monarch Festival, a hula festival named in his honor.) In 1876, the Hawaiian Kingdom’s national anthem, entitled “Hawai’i Pono’i,” was composed by Kalakaua, honoring King Kamehameha I, founder of the
Hawaiian Kingdom in 1810.